Garrett VNT15 repair pictures

Recently I got the chance to obtain a Garrett VNT15 variable turbine geometry turbocharger rather cheap. This turbo is mainly used in the new VW/Audi TDI engines up to 110bhp. I intend to build an experimental gas turbine engine from this turbo, but Iíll carry out only modifications on it that are reversible. This is because I can also use this turbo as a spare for my carís engine (Audi A3 TDI), and if I should ever be in the situation to need it, Iíll be happy to have a spare handy, because the original replacement would be quite expensive.

At the time of purchase I didnít know the reason of the turbo removement, but I blamed this to a bad accident with damage to the engine beyond repair. I was told the turbo ran well at the time of removal and the car was manufactured 1997 with now about 40.000km on it. And this is what it looked like as I got it:
 

I was really astonished that it was this clean on the outside and revealed only minor corrosion.

The can on the left is the vacuum actuator for the NGV controlling gear. This turbo is a rather small unit, weight just about 5kg. Look how shiny the compressor housing still is.

I noticed, though, that the NGV actuating mechanism was rather stiff, if not to say stuck (at this time yet I didnít know why).

 

 

 

A view into the intake. This side is also quite clean, the compressor wheel except a very thin layer of dirt in mint condition.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The exhaust section and the turbine wheel are very sooty. I donít know if this can be considered as normal on this type of engine  because the car exhausts almost no smoke at all, even if driven hard.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oops, I did it again!

(Though I definitely must say that Iím no fan of Britney Spearsí music)

Well, I once promised myself I would never ever again take a turbocharger apart, since the last time I did it I had to live with traces of black underneath my fingernails for about one week. But this one looks so much cleaner, that I forgot about this promise.

The compressor came apart like this, almost no cleaning required!

 

 

Unfortunately I was glad about the ceanliness of the turbo too soon - this is a view of the turbine, a layer of soot of approx. 1mm all over it.The lever in the 3 oíclock position is part of the NGV actuating system.

 

 

 

 

 

 

This is what the NGV actuating gear looked like after disassembly. Did I say something about ďcleanĒ before ??!!   ;-)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

And this is what it looks like some really dirty hands later...

Each of the nine levers is welded to the shaft of the corresponding nozzle guide vane (NGV). The control ring is moved by the main lever, located in the turboís bearing housing, projecting into the free notch in the 11 oíclock position.

 

 

 

 

 

 

And this is the other side of the NGV system (removed from the turbine housing and cleaned). Notice the cute airfoil shape of the vanes. This is the maximum exhaust flow - minimum charge pressure - position.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The turbine wheel and bearing housing cleaned (I donít think Iíll get this dirt off my hands ever again). The NGV actuating main lever can also be seen.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The turbo core. I didnít take the rotor apart because the bearings seem to be in a pretty good condition and I donít want to tamper with the rotor blancing (this one spins in excess of 200krpm). Just below the oil return the outer NGV actuating lever is visible.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The compressor side of the turbo core. The wheel is finally cleaned, too. This wheel is 44mm in diameter (turbine 43mm), so you get a clue how small the whole unit is. I was rather relieved to find that Garrett finally decided to use a left-hand thread for joining the rotor components together.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thatís the adjustable connecting rod from the NGV vacuum actuator to the outer main lever. This allows to adjust the sensitivity of the whole mechanism. An adjustable throw limiting screw is located just above the center of the connecting rod.

The mechanism works this way that an ďincreasing vacuumĒ (decrease of absolute control pressure) effects an increasing charge air pressure. Thus this system is fail-safe, should a tube break, the turbo will supply minimum charge pressure.

 

 

 

And thatís the last picture (yet) (thanks for your patience). Now that the turboís cleaned and reassembled the NGV actuating gear works much smoother.
Yet the turbo waits for some very bad mistreatment: Iíll probably design a small combustion chamber and try if the VTG system is beneficial for converting it into an experimental gas turbine engine and if possibly some shaft power could be extracted. So stay tuned for further development (though it will still take a while, too many projects at a time...).

 

Added 11/26/2000:

Upon special request I added this sequence of the moving NGV system. The file is large, so please be patient while loading.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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